International Studies to Validate Exposure Assessment Models

Thiessen, K.M., Andersson, K.G., Berkovskyy, V., Charnock, T.W., Chouhan, S.L., de With, G., Ďúran, J., Fuka, V., Helebrant, J., Hůlka, J., Hwang, W.T., Kuča, P., Mancini, F., Navarro, E., Periáñez, R., Prouza, Z., Sdouz, G., Tomás, J., Trifunović, D., Urso, L.,  and Walter H.  2011.  Assessing emergency situations and their aftermath in urban areas:  The EMRAS II Urban Areas Working Group.  Radioprotection 46(6):S601-S607.
http://www.radioprotection.org/index.php?option=com_toc&url=/articles/radiopro/abs/2011/06/contents/contents.html

IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency). In press. Environmental Modelling of Remediation of Urban Contaminated Areas. Report of the Urban Remediation Working Group of the EMRAS (Environmental Modelling for Radiation Safety) programme.
http://www-ns.iaea.org/downloads/rw/projects/emras/final-reports/urban-tecdoc-final.pdf

IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency). 2010. Handbook of Parameter Values for the Prediction of Radionuclide Transfer in Terrestrial and Freshwater Environments. International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Technical Reports Series No. 472. http://www-pub.iaea.org/MTCD/publications/PDF/trs472_web.pdf

IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency). 2009. Quantification of Radionuclide Transfer in Terrestrial and Freshwater Environments for Radiological Assessments. International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, IAEA-TECDOC-1616. http://www-pub.iaea.org/MTCD/publications/PDF/te_1616_web.pdf

Thiessen, K.M., Andersson, K.G., Charnock, T.W., and Gallay, F. 2009. Modelling R
emediation Options for Urban Contamination Situations. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 100: 564-573.

Thiessen, K.M., Arkhipov, A., Batandjieva, B., Charnock, T.W., Gaschak, S., Golikov, V., Hwang, W.T., Tomás, J., and Zlobenko, B. 2009. Modelling of a large-scale urban contamination situation and remediation alternatives. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 100:413-421.


Thiessen, K.M., Andersson, K.G., Batandjieva, B., Cheng, J.-J., Hwang, W.T., Kaiser, J.C., Kamboj, S., Steiner, M., Tomás, J., Trifunovic, D., and Yu, C. 2009. Modelling the long-term consequences of a hypothetical dispersal of radioactivity in an urban area including remediation alternatives. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 100:445-455.

Thiessen, K.M., Batandjieva, B., Andersson, K.G., Arkhipov, A., Charnock, T.W., Gallay, F., Gaschak, S., Golikov, V., Hwang, W.T., Kaiser, J.C., Kamboj, S., Steiner, M., Tomás, J., Trifunovic, D., Yu, C., Zelmer, R., and Zlobenko, B. 2008. Improvement of modelling capabilities for assessing urban contamination: The EMRAS Urban Remediation Working Group. Journal of Applied Radiation and Isotopes 66:1741-1744.


Apostoaei, A.I. 2005. Testing prediction capabilities of an I-131 terrestrial transport model by using measurements collected at the Hanford Nuclear Facility. Health Physics 88(5): 439-458.

Thiessen, K.M., Napier, B.A., Filistovic, V., Homma, T., Kanyár, B., Krajewski, P., Kryshev, A.I., Nedveckaite, T., Nényei, A., Sazykina, T.G., Tveten, U., Sjöblom, K.-L., and Robinson, C. 2005. Model testing using data on 131I released from Hanford. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 84:211-224.

Thiessen, K.M., Sazykina, T.G., Apostoaei, A.I., Balonov, M.I., Crawford, J., Domel, R., Fesenko, S.V., Filistovic, V., Galeriu, D., Homma, T., Kanyár, B., Krajewski, P., Kryshev, A.I., Kryshev, I.I., Nedveckaite, T., Ould-Dada, Z., Sanzharova, N.I., Robinson, C., and Sjöblom, K.-L. 2005. Model testing using data on 137Cs from Chernobyl fallout in the Iput River catchment area of Russia. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 84:225-244.

IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency). 2003. Testing of environmental transfer models using data from the atmospheric release of Iodine-131 from the Hanford site, USA, in 1963. Report of the Dose Reconstruction Working Group of the Biosphere Modelling and Assessment (BIOMASS) Programme, Theme 2. Biosphere Modelling and Assessment Methods (BIOMASS) programme. International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, IAEA-BIOMASS-2. http://www-pub.iaea.org/MTCD/publications/PDF/Biomass2_web.pdf

IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency). 2003. Testing of environmental transfer models using Chernobyl fallout data from the Iput River catchment area, Bryansk Region, Russian Federation. Report of the Dose Reconstruction Working Group of BIOMASS Theme 2. Biosphere Modelling and Assessment Methods (BIOMASS) programme. International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, IAEA-BIOMASS-4. http://www-pub.iaea.org/MTCD/publications/PDF/Biomass4_web.pdf


Thiessen, K.M. 2002. Data sets available for testing environmental transport models. Atmospheric Environment 36:3057.

Thiessen, K.M., Napier, B.A., Filistovic, V., Homma, T., Kanyár, B., Krajewski, P., Kryshev, A.I., Nedveckaite, T., Nényei, A., Sazykina, T.G., Tveten, U., Sjöblom, K.-L., and Robinson, C. 2002. Model Testing Using Data from Accidental Releases of 131I and 137Cs. 1: Model Testing Using Data on 131I Released from Hanford. In: Proceedings from the International Conference on Radioactivity in the Environment, Monaco, Sept. 1-5, 2002, pp. 313-316.

Thiessen, K.M., Sazykina, T.G., Apostoaei, A.I., Balonov, M.I., Crawford, J., Domel, R., Fesenko, S.V., Filistovic, V., Galeriu, D., Homma, T., Kanyár, B., Krajewski, P., Kryshev, A.I., Kryshev, I.I., Nedveckaite, T., Ould-Dada, Z., Sanzharova, N.I., Robinson, C., and Sjöblom, K.-L. 2002. Model Testing Using Data from Accidental Releases of 131I and 137Cs. 2: Model Testing Using Data on 137Cs from Chernobyl Fallout in the Iput River Catchment Area of Russ
ia. In: Proceedings from the International Conference on Radioactivity in the Environment, Monaco, Sept. 1-5, 2002, pp. 317-320.

IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency). 2001. Generic models for use in assessing the impact of discharges of radioactive substances to the environment. Safety Reports Series No. 19. Vienna, Austria. http://www-pub.iaea.org/MTCD/publications/PDF/Pub1103_scr.pdf

Garger, E.K., Hoffman, F.O., Thiessen, K.M., Galeriu, D., Kryshev, A.I., Lev, T., Miller, C.W., Nair, S.K., Talerko, N., Watkins, B. 1999. Test of existing mathematical models for atmospheric resuspension of radionuclides. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 42:157-175.

Konoplev, A.V., Bulgakov, A.A., Hoffman, F.O., Kanyár, B., Lyashenko, G., Nair, S.K., Popov, A., Raskob, W., Thiessen, K.M., Watkins, B., Zheleznyak, M. 1999. Validation of models of radionuclide wash-off from contaminated watersheds using Chernobyl data. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 42:131-141.

Kryshev, I.I., Sazykina, T.G., Hoffman, F.O., Thiessen, K.M., Blaylock, B.G., Feng, Y., Galeriu, D., Heling, R., Kryshev, A.I., Kononovich, A.L., Watkins, B. 1999. Assessment of the consequences of the radioactive contamination of aquatic media and biota for the Chernobyl NPP cooling pond: Model testing using Chernobyl data. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 42:143-156.

Thiessen, K.M., Thorne, M.C., Maul, P.R., Pröhl, G., and Wheater, H.S. 1999. Modelling radionuclide distribution and transport in the environment. Environmental Pollution 100:151-177.

Nair, S.K., Miller, C.W., Thiessen, K.M., Garger, E.K., and Hoffman, F.O. 1997. Modeling the resuspension of radionuclides in Ukrainian regions impacted by Chernobyl fallout. Health Physics 72:77-85.

Thiessen, K.M., Hoffman, F.O., Rantavaara, A., Hossain, S. 1997. Environmental models undergo international test: The science and art of exposure assessment modeling were tested using real-world data from the Chernobyl accident. Environmental Science & Technology 31(8):358A-363A.

BIOMOVS II. 1996. Wash-off of Sr-90 and Cs-137 from Two Experimental Plots: Model Testing Using Chernobyl Data. Stockholm: Swedish Radiation Protection Institute, BIOMOVS II Technical Report No. 9.

BIOMOVS II. 1996. Assessment of the Consequences of the Radioactive Contamination of Aquatic Media and Biota: Model Testing Using Chernobyl Data. Stockholm: Swedish Radiation Protection Institute, BIOMOVS II Technical Report No. 10.

BIOMOVS II. 1996. Atmospheric Resuspension of Radionuclides: Model Testing Using Chernobyl Data. Stockholm: Swedish Radiation Protection Institute, BIOMOVS II Technical Report No. 11.

Garger, E.K., Hoffman, F.O., and Miller, C.W. 1996. Model testing using Chernobyl data: III. Atmospheric resuspension of radionuclides in Ukrainian regions impacted by Chernobyl fallout. Health Physics 70:18-24.

Hoffman, F.O., Thiessen, K.M., and Watkins, B. 1996. Opportunities for the testing of environmental transport models using data obtained following the Chernobyl accident. Health Physics 70:5-7.

Hoffman, F.O., Thiessen, K.M. 1996. The use of Chernobyl data to test model predictions for interindividual variability of 137-Cs concentrations in humans. Reliability Engineering and System Safety 54:197-202.

IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency). 1996. Modelling of radionuclide interception and loss processes in vegetation and of transfer in semi-natural ecosystems. Second Report of the VAMP Terrestrial Working Group. International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, IAEA-TECDOC-857.

IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency). 1996. Validation of models using Chernobyl fallout data from southern Finland--Scenario S. Second Report of the VAMP Multiple Pathways Assessment Working Group. International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, IAEA-TECDOC-904.

Konoplev, A.V., Bulgakov, A.A., Popov, V.E., Popov, O.F., Scherbak, A.V., Shveikin, Yu.V., and Hoffman, F.O. 1996. Model testing using Chernobyl data: I. Wash-off of 90Sr and 137Cs from two experimental plots established in the vicinity of the Chernobyl reactor. Health Physics 70:8-12.

Kryshev, I.I., Sazykina, T.G., Ryabov, I.N., Chumak, V.K., and Zarubin, O.L. 1996. Model testing using Chernobyl data: II. Assessment of the consequences of the radioactive contamination of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant cooling pond. Health Physics 70:13-17.

Nair, S.K., Hoffman, F.O., Thiessen, K.M., and Konoplev, A. 1996. Modeling the wash-off of 90Sr and 137Cs from an experimental plot established in the vicinity of the Chernobyl reactor. Health Physics 71:896-909.

Peterson, S.-R., Hoffman, F.O., and Köhler, H. 1996. The BIOMOVS A4 Scenario: Testing models of the air-pasture-cow milk pathway using Chernobyl fallout data. Health Physics 71:149-159.

Hoffman, F.O., Thiessen, K.M. 1995. Use of Chernobyl data to test predictions and uncertainty estimates from exposure assessment models. In: Environmental Impact of Radioactive Releases. Proceedings of an international symposium, Vienna, Austria, 8-12 May 1995. IAEA-SM-339/20. International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, pp. 325-336.

IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency). 1995. Validation of models using Chernobyl fallout data from the Central Bohemia region of the Czech Republic--Scenario CB. First Report of the VAMP Multiple Pathways Assessment Working Group. International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, IAEA-TECDOC-795.

BIOMOVS (Biospheric Model Validation Study). 1991. Multiple Model Testing using Chernobyl Fallout Data of I-131 in Forage and Milk and Cs-137 in Forage, Milk, Beef and Grain (H. Köhler, S.-R. Peterson, and F.O. Hoffman, eds.). Swedish Radiation Protection Institute, Stockholm, BIOMOVS Technical Report 13, Vol. I-II, Scenario A4.

Blaylock, B.G. (ed.) 1990. Mercury in Aquatic Ecosystems. BIOMOVS, Technical Report No. 7. Swedish Radiation Protection Institute, Stockholm, Sweden. 29.

Blaylock B.G. 1990. Mercury in Aquatic Ecosystems. In: Proceedings of BIOMOVS Symposium "On the Validity of Environmental Transfer Models." October 8-10, 1990. Stockholm, Sweden. 289-292.

Hoffman, F.O. 1990. Conclusions of BIOMOVS Phase I. In: BIOMOVS - On the Validity of Environmental Transfer Models. Oct. 8-10, 1990. Stockholm: National Institute of Radiation Protection, pp. 405-411.

Richmond, C.R., Hoffman, F.O., Blaylock, B.G., Eckerman, K.F., Lesslie, P.A., Miller, C.W., Ng, Y.C., and Till, J.E. 1988. The potential use of Chernobyl fallout data to test and evaluate the predictions of environmental radiological assessment models. ESD-3083; ORNL-6466 (pdf available)